sabato 29 giugno 2013

Walking through Rome...the Victorian

This monument was built to commemorate the King Vittorio Emanuele II, the first king of Italy, The monument was inaugurated June 4, 1911 by King Vittorio Emanuele III. Looking carefully you will notice the Victorian in the statues and in his writing, the significance of this monument, represented by the two by two inscriptions: "PATRIAE UNITATI" "civium Libertati","The unity of the motherland," "the freedom of citizens", each is positioned at the bottom of the two chariots of Carlo Fontana and Paolo Bartolini. Are noticed the four winged victories, as the two complexes of Thought and Action, were golden, the Quadrighe symbolize, however, Unity and Freedom. The statues are a symbol of civic values ​​of the Italian people and symbolize six groups: the Force, the Right, the Concordia, Action, Thought, and the Sacrifice. 

The sixteen statues depicting the regions and cities that were capitals or maritime republics are central elements of the complex, of the 14 cities are represented: Ferrara, Italy, Urbino, Amalfi, Naples, Bologna, Florence, Florence, Genoa, Milan, Palermo, Pisa, Ravenna, Mantova. At the center of the monument is located the shrine with a statue of the goddess Roma and the tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Admiring the bas-relief on the left we see symbolized: the industry: the long beam, supported by homo faber, hangs the heavy anvil. A female hand rests on the anvil a crown of oak, symbol of strength. The winged genius of Labor, leaning on human effort, is about to go up on the big plow victorious triumph. Agriculture: breeding, reaping, grape harvest and irrigation. On the bas-relief of the right hand will find: the three female figures that offer honorary crowns in Rome, followed by banners, signs of the legions. On the triumphal Biga are the genius of the Love of Fatherland and the victorious hero, leaning against the great sword of the Titans. Two women hold was holding his cloak. In this cycle we find the reason for the long beam, which hangs from the brazier of holy fire. In columns and in other parts of the plant symbols will find that they have their meaning: to victory the palm, the oak strength, the laurel as a value and victorious peace, the myrtle and the olive tree for the sacrifice for peace and harmony. In a central location of the monument stands the huge equestrian statue of King Vittorio Emanuele II. There are also two beautiful fountains that represent, on the left, the Adriatic Sea, facing to the East with the Lion of St. Mark and the other to the right, the Tyrrhenian Sea with the she-wolf of Rome and the siren Partenope. In Victorian 4 November 1921 was laid the corpse of a soldier, whose name is unknown, to remember the soldiers who died in the war, eleven nameless corpses were brought to Aquileia October 28, 1921 and was chosen a woman, Maria Bergamas of Trieste, which chose one embracing it and that was chosen to be brought to Rome. This is the most significant monument of the city of Rome and the porch you can enjoy a magnificent view of the historic center of the city with the Roman Forum, the Roman Forum and are hosted inside the Shrine of the Flags, the National Museum of the Risorgimento, which hosts exhibitions of painting, and the Museo del Vittoriano.

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